Solid Waste

Soil Pollution is the presence of materials in the soil which are harmful to the living beings when they cross their threshold concentration levels. 

Main Causes

  • Municipal solid waste
  • Hospital waste
  • Excessive use of pesticides/fertilizers/herbicides
  • Ponding of industrial effluents
  • Disposal of industrial solid waste on open land

Effects

  • Loss in fertility
  • Accumulation of pollutants in edible crops
  • Leaching of harmful contaminants
  • Surface and ground water contamination
  • Unaesthetic look

Remedies

  • Management of municipal solid waste
  • Waste grading and recycling
  • Setting-up land fills and composting sites
  • Incineration for hospital infectious wastes